Latin America Arts and Architecture

Latin America Arts and Architecture

According to, there are 12 independent countries in the continent of South America and 24 in Latin America.

South America Countries

Countries Proportion of energy from renewable sources (percent) Proportion of the population who have access to electricity (percent)
Argentina 10.0 (2015) 100 (2016)
Bolivia 17.5 (2015) 93 (2016)
Brazil 43.8 (2015) 100 (2016)
Chile 24.9 (2015) 100 (2016)
Colombia 23.6 (2015) 99 (2016)
Ecuador 13.8 (2015) 100 (2016)
Guyana 25.3 (2015) 84 (2016)
Paraguay 61.7 (2015) 98 (2016)
Peru 25.5 (2015) 95 (2016)
Suriname 24.9 (2015) 87 (2016)
Uruguay 58.0 (2015) 100 (2016)
Venezuela 12.8 (2015) 100 (2016)

Latin America – visual arts and architecture

European colonization in the 1500-t. was expressed in an extensive church and monastic building, performed by convened architects and artists with a background in Spanish and Portuguese traditions. The buildings were often placed on the ruins of ruined cities, monuments and shrines. From the 1500s and 1600s. several of the cathedrals in the big cities Mexico City and Puebla in Mexico, Lima and Cuzco in Peru; they are listed in the Renaissance and Baroque style, but with Native American touches, especially in detail and decoration. The Moorish Mudéjar style also appears in many buildings. In the 1700s building, the Spanish style of churrigue is seen, which in the Latin American countries got an even more lavish design than in the mother country, such as the Cathedral of Zacatecas in Mexico. In Brazil, building style and forms of expression more closely followed the European models of Baroque, Rococo and Neoclassicism, as there was no Native American tradition to build upon. The visual arts unfolded especially in connection with church construction, as decoration and in the form of sculptures and paintings with religious motifs.

With the independence of the 1800s and the formation of independent states, the development of more distinctive – also profane – building practices and artistic expressions also followed.

According to, South America is a part of Latin America.

Latin America – theater

During the colonial period, real theater life began to develop in Latin America, but not until the 1900s. the theater was seriously established as a cultural institution in the explosively growing metropolitan areas. From the 1950s, internationally oriented university theaters and experimental groups were created as an alternative to the established state and private theaters. The way of working was often collective, the repertoire characterized by current political material. outreach company in workplaces. From certain parts of Latin America, theater people during the military dictatorships of the 1970s and 1980s were temporarily forced into exile. Their direct contact with new trends abroad contributed to a further diversity of repertoire and playing style within the Latin American theater.

Latin American dances

Latin American dances, partly the dances samba, cha-cha-cha, rumba, pasodoble and jive, danced at Latin American dance tournaments, and in general dances used in Latin America.

Samba in Brazil is a common term for several different styles and temps, but the carnival samba in Rio de Janeiro and the samba at dance tournaments have the 2/4 beat, the melodies and the joy of life in common.

Cha-cha-cha originated in the 1950s and is a further development of mambo, originally derived from an Afro-Caribbean salon dance, danzon, which was popular in the early 1800s.

The Cuban rumba is slower in tempo than cha-cha-cha and has only three steps in the basic stage towards the cha-cha-cha’s five, so there’s more time for the sensuality the rumba should have.

Pasodoble means double steps and is a dance with fast marching steps, turns and statuary positions. Jive is a noble form of jitterbug, a pair dance that appeared in the 1930s United States.

The Argentine tango originated in the early 1900s. in the Rio de Plata area and was presented in Europe approx. 1920. Although tango is Latin American, it is included as a tournament dance among the five standard dances.

Latin American dances have been popular in Europe since the 1930s, not least because of their passionate expression. In addition to the tournament dances, mambo, lambada, merengue and bossanova are extensively cultivated on the dance floors, and since the 1990s the Danes have not least ventured into tango and salsa.

Latin America Arts and Architecture