Neo Norway

Norway is located in Northern Europe, occupying the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It shares borders with Sweden to the east, Finland to the northeast, and Russia to the far northeast. To the west, Norway is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean, while the North Sea lies to the southwest. Its geographic coordinates range from approximately 57°N to 71°N latitude and 4°E to 31°E longitude.



Norway’s climate varies widely from region to region due to its diverse topography. Along the coast, the climate is temperate, with mild winters and cool summers influenced by the Gulf Stream. Inland areas experience colder temperatures and more pronounced seasonal changes, with colder winters and warmer summers. The northernmost regions of Norway have a subarctic climate, characterized by long, harsh winters and short, cool summers.


Norway is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including iconic species such as reindeer, moose, Arctic foxes, and polar bears in the northernmost regions. The country’s fjords, forests, and mountains provide habitats for a variety of bird species, including eagles, puffins, and owls. Norway’s coastal waters are also rich in marine life, with species such as cod, haddock, and herring.

Longest Rivers

Norway’s longest rivers include:

  1. Glomma: Glomma is Norway’s longest river, stretching approximately 601 kilometers (374 miles) from its source in the mountains of Østerdalen to its mouth at the Oslofjord.
  2. Tanaelva: Tanaelva is the second-longest river in Norway, flowing approximately 360 kilometers (224 miles) from its source in Finland to its mouth at Tanafjorden.

Highest Mountains

Norway is known for its rugged mountain ranges, including the Scandinavian Mountains and the fjord-indented coastline. The highest mountains in Norway include:

  1. Galdhøpiggen: Galdhøpiggen is the highest peak in Norway, reaching an elevation of 2,469 meters (8,100 feet) above sea level. It is located in the Jotunheimen mountain range in southern Norway.
  2. Glittertind: Glittertind is the second-highest peak in Norway, with an elevation of 2,465 meters (8,087 feet). It is also located in the Jotunheimen range and is a popular destination for hiking and mountaineering enthusiasts.



Norway has been inhabited for thousands of years, with evidence of human presence dating back to the end of the last Ice Age. Prehistoric rock carvings, burial mounds, and artifacts provide insights into the lives of Norway’s early inhabitants, including hunter-gatherers and early agricultural communities.

Viking Age

The Viking Age, spanning roughly from the late 8th century to the mid-11th century, marked a significant period of Norwegian history. Norse seafarers and warriors, known as Vikings, engaged in trade, exploration, and raids across Europe, leaving a lasting impact on the region’s culture, language, and society.

Unification and Medieval Kingdom

In the late 9th century, Harald Fairhair, a Viking chieftain, unified Norway under his rule, establishing the first Norwegian kingdom. Over the centuries, Norway expanded its territory and influence through alliances, conquests, and royal marriages, becoming a prominent power in the Nordic region.

Union with Denmark

In the 14th century, Norway entered into a union with Denmark, known as the Kalmar Union, which lasted until the early 19th century. During this period, Norway’s autonomy and independence were gradually eroded, leading to discontent among the Norwegian population.

Independence and Modern Era

In 1814, Norway declared independence from Denmark and adopted a liberal constitution, establishing itself as a constitutional monarchy. However, Norway was forced to enter into a union with Sweden later that year, which lasted until 1905 when Norway peacefully dissolved the union and regained full sovereignty.

World Wars and Modernization

Norway remained neutral during World War I but was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. The Norwegian resistance movement played a crucial role in resisting the occupation and eventually regaining independence. In the post-war period, Norway experienced rapid industrialization, economic growth, and social progress, becoming one of the wealthiest and most developed countries in the world.

Contemporary Norway

Today, Norway is a prosperous and democratic country known for its high standard of living, social welfare system, and commitment to environmental sustainability. It is a member of NATO, the United Nations, and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and it maintains close ties with its Nordic neighbors and other international partners.



Norway has a population of approximately 5.4 million people, making it one of the least densely populated countries in Europe. The population is relatively homogenous, with ethnic Norwegians comprising the majority, although there are also small indigenous Sami and Kven populations.

Ethnicity and Language

The vast majority of Norwegians are ethnic Norwegians, with the Norwegian language being the predominant spoken and written language. The Sami people, who primarily inhabit the northern regions of Norway, have their own distinct language and cultural traditions.


The majority of Norwegians are affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway, which is the state church. However, Norway is a secular country, and freedom of religion is protected by law. There are also small minority communities of Muslims, Catholics, and other religious groups.

Education and Literacy

Education is highly valued in Norway, with a well-developed system of public schools, vocational training programs, and universities. Education is free and compulsory for children aged 6 to 16, and the literacy rate is close to 100 percent. Norway is home to several prestigious universities, including the University of Oslo and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Administrative Divisions

Norway is divided into 18 counties (fylker), each with its own administration and governing council. The counties are further divided into municipalities (kommuner). Here is a list of the administrative divisions along with their respective populations:

  1. Oslo – Population: 700,000
  2. Viken – Population: 1.2 million
  3. Innlandet – Population: 360,000
  4. Vestfold og Telemark – Population: 415,000
  5. Agder – Population: 312,000
  6. Rogaland – Population: 480,000
  7. Vestland – Population: 650,000
  8. Møre og Romsdal – Population: 265,000
  9. Trøndelag – Population: 450,000
  10. Nordland – Population: 242,000
  11. Troms og Finnmark – Population: 244,000
  1. Innlandet – Population: 360,000
  2. Vestfold og Telemark – Population: 415,000
  3. Agder – Population: 312,000
  4. Rogaland – Population: 480,000
  5. Vestland – Population: 650,000
  6. Møre og Romsdal – Population: 265,000
  7. Trøndelag – Population: 450,000
  8. Nordland – Population: 242,000
  9. Troms og Finnmark – Population: 244,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

The largest cities in Norway by population include:

  1. Oslo – Population: 700,000
  2. Bergen – Population: 280,000
  3. Stavanger – Population: 142,000
  4. Trondheim – Population: 200,000
  5. Drammen – Population: 110,000
  6. Fredrikstad – Population: 83,000
  7. Kristiansand – Population: 90,000
  8. Sandnes – Population: 77,000
  9. Tromsø – Population: 77,000
  10. Sarpsborg – Population: 55,000

Education Systems

Education in Norway is free and compulsory for children aged 6 to 16, and the government provides financial support for higher education. The Norwegian education system emphasizes equality, innovation, and student-centered learning. Norway is home to several top universities, including the University of Oslo, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and the University of Bergen.



Norway has several major airports, including:

  1. Oslo Airport (OSL) – Located near Oslo, it is the busiest airport in Norway and serves as a major hub for domestic and international flights.
  2. Bergen Airport (BGO) – located near Bergen, it is the second-busiest airport in Norway and serves the western part of the country.
  3. Stavanger Airport (SVG) – Located near Stavanger, it provides connections to domestic and international destinations.
  4. Trondheim Airport (TRD) – Serving the city of Trondheim, it is an important regional airport in central Norway.
  5. Tromsø Airport (TOS) – located near Tromsø, it serves the northern region of Norway and is a gateway to the Arctic.


Norway has a well-developed railway network operated by the state-owned company Vy. The total length of Norway’s railway network is approximately 4,200 kilometers, with main lines connecting major cities and towns across the country.


Norway has an extensive network of highways and roads, including several scenic routes that traverse the country’s diverse landscapes. The total length of Norway’s road network is approximately 93,000 kilometers, with major highways connecting urban centers and rural areas.


Norway has several major ports, including:

  1. Port of Oslo – Located in the capital city, it is Norway’s largest port and a key hub for cargo and passenger traffic.
  2. Port of Bergen – located in Bergen, it is one of the busiest ports on the west coast of Norway.
  3. Port of Stavanger – Serving the city of Stavanger, it handles a variety of cargo, including oil and gas products.
  4. Port of Trondheim – Located in Trondheim, it is an important port for both domestic and international shipping.
  5. Port of Tromsø – located in Tromsø, it serves the northern region of Norway and provides access to Arctic shipping routes.

Country Facts

  • Population: 5.4 million
  • Capital: Oslo
  • Official Language: Norwegian
  • Religion: Christianity (Lutheranism)
  • Ethnicity: Norwegian
  • Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK)
  • ISO Country Code: NO
  • International Calling Code: +47
  • Top-Level Domain: .no