The largest of all Indian empires was that of the Inca, which at the time of the arrival of the European conquerors extended over most of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia as well as over areas of Argentina and Chile. According to tradition, the Inca moved northwards from Lake Titicaca around 1200 under the leadership of their legendary chief Manco Capac and founded Cuzco as the new capital. The rule of the following eight Inca chiefs is lost in mythical darkness. The expansion of the Inca Empire began under the ruling chief Pachacutec Yupanqui from 1438. His son Tupac Yupanqui, who ruled from 1471 to 1493, and his successor Huayna Capac, the Inca ruler between 1493 and 1527, continued the conquests until the Inca territory had a north-south extension of around 4,000 kilometers.
Organized on a theocratic basis, the empire was divided into four provinces and ruled by an absolute ruler. The economic basis was artful farming with terrace fields, irrigation systems and fertilization. The Inca road system was similar in extent to that of the Roman Empire; Using messenger stations, they then organized a real news network.
The Inca word mark script is only partially deciphered. They too had a school system which, like the Aztecs, had a strict two-class character. There were recurring cult acts and ceremonies, but human sacrifice seems to have only occurred in times of extreme need. For more information about the continent of South America, please check pharmacylib.com.