New Zealand. The government coalition between the Labor Party and its coalition partners, the more left-leaning Alliance Party, went hard to show that the regime change at the end of 1999 meant a clear change in the market liberal policy pursued in the country since 1984. Decisions on raising taxes for the 5% of the population earning over 60,000 New Zealand dollars. A review of the entire tax system was also planned. At the same time, minimum wages were raised (except for young people), and privatization of state-owned enterprises was halted. More money was also decided on care and education. The unions regained some of the rights they lost in the early 1990s, including the right to demand collective bargaining.
The right accused the government of burning the bridges between themselves and the business community, claiming that government policy contributed to a falling rate for the New Zealand dollar, rising interest rates and reduced economic growth.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of New Zealand. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
In March, Clark’s ministry withdrew an order of 28 combat plans that the former Conservative government had ordered from the United States. A month later, a decision was made on another symbolic issue: the titles Dame and Sir, which the British Queen gives to noted citizens, were abolished. Few had any objections. In November, Helen Clark promised that the country would guarantee that all import goods from the world’s 48 poorest countries would be exempt from customs duties from July 1, 2001. She urged other countries in the region to follow New Zealand’s example.
Only in the 20th century did new political movements emerge capable of fighting for power with the liberals who had become a firmly entrenched and well-organized political party after 20 years in power. With the broad support of the working and middle class, the Labor Party became one of the most important political factors in New Zealand.
Throughout the 1930’s, the demands of the Maoris increased again, thanks to alliances between groups of the indigenous population and the Labor Party, which could therefore rely on government for the first time in 1935, but the Waitangi Treaty had not yet been officially recognized..
The influence of the United States is increasing
The second World War marked the beginning of a new era for New Zealand. The inability of the English to offer protection to their former colonies during the war pushed Aotearoa to settle under the growing North American influence, which, based on a number of political and military alliances, consolidated its presence in the area. In the 1950’s and ’60’s, Aotearoa came to feel the cost of these alliances, especially by being involved in conflicts such as The Vietnam War, which seriously marked political life in the country.
Legislation up through the 1950’s meant that the Maoris often had to move from their native territories, and in the following decade they moved in large numbers to the cities. This urbanization process meant greater contact with the “culture and institutions of the strangers” and easier access to an educational system that was also that of Europeans.
During the 1970’s, Aotearoa sought to make production more diverse and to gain access to markets other than English and North American. Unemployment rose, inflation reached unprecedented levels as the attempt to diversify production failed, due to the rise in oil prices and the extensive foreign loans taken to finance major projects. In 1975, the value of exports dropped significantly. This decline, together with foreign loans, led to a rise in foreign debt. After 12 years in opposition, the Liberal Party came to power in 1972, but lost the subsequent election in 1975 to the Conservative National Party. The new government shut down immigration, blamed for the high unemployment rate.
The fact that the Maoris became increasingly militant led to the creation of the so-called Waitangi Tribunal in 1975 to investigate the charges of violating the Waitangi Treaty. In 1986, the Labor government authorized the Tribunal to deal with complaints dating back to 1840. The Tribunal has no penalty against the British Crown, so since 1992, less than 15% of the court’s recommendations have been met.
In the mid-1980’s, Labuor regained power and initiated a liberalization of the economy, with widespread privatization of public companies, leading to a large part of the party’s traditional electorate feeling left behind.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of New Zealand in 2000 was 3,858,888, ranking number 121 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.980% yearly, and the population density was 14.6557 people per km2.