Nicaragua. The ratification of a border agreement between Honduras and Colombia at the beginning of the year led to a diplomatic crisis between Nicaragua and Honduras, as it strengthened Colombia’s territorial demands on an area in the Caribbean that is rich in oil and natural gas and also claimed by Nicaragua. In February, an incident occurred in the Gulf of Fonseca between naval vessels from Nicaragua and Honduras. In June, a border agreement was signed with Costa Rica on shipping on the San Juan River.
After 21 years, Nicaragua and the United States have re-established military relations. General Manuel Salvatierra, a veteran of the war against the US-backed contras in the 1980s, has been accredited as a military attaché at Nicaragua’s Embassy in Washington. The appointment is of great symbolic significance; the last traces of the Cold War have thus definitely been eliminated in the countries’ relations.
In the November mayoral election, the ruling party won the PLC (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) in most cities, but the Sandinists won the prestigious post in the capital Managua.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Nicaragua. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
Area: 120,254 km2 (world rank: 97)
Population density: 52 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 109)
Official languages: Spanish
Gross domestic product: 13.8 billion US $; Real growth: 4.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2130 US$
Currency: 1 Córdoba (C $) = 100 Centavos
Joachim-Karnatz-Allee 45, 10557 Berlin
Telephone 030 2064380,
Fax 030 22487891 www.nicaraguaportal. de
Head of State and Government: Daniel Ortega SaavedraRosario Murillo Zambrana, Exterior: Denis Moncada Colindres
National Day: 15.9.
15 departments and 2 autonomous regions
State and form of government
Constitution of 1987
Parliament: National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) with 92 members (90 elected, 2 ex officio), election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years
Suffrage from 16 J.
Population of: Nicaraguans, last census 2005: 5,142,098 residents
70% European-indigenous, 18% European, 9% African origin, 4% indigenous (especially Miskito, Chorotega-Nahua-Mange)
Cities (with population): (As of 2016) Managua 1,033,622 inh., León 169,362, Tipitapa 127,618, Masaya 125,824, Chinandega 111,256, Ciudad Sandino 110,083, Estelí 105,709, Matagalpa 103,860, Granada 100,496
Religions: 59% Catholics, 22% Protestants, 16% without religion; indigenous religions (as of 2006)
Languages: Spanish; indigenous languages, English Creole
Workers by economic sector: agriculture. 29%, industry 18%, business 53% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.9%
Foreign trade: Import: 7.1 billion US $ (2017); Export: 5.2 billion US $ (2017)
Always humid tropics ; short dry season in winter on the Pacific side. On the Caribbean coast, the rainy season lasts up to 9 months. Cyclones also frequently occur there.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Nicaragua in 2000 was 5,069,191, ranking number 110 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.730% yearly, and the population density was 42.1248 people per km2.