San Marino 2000

Yearbook 2000

San Marino. There was some stir in San Marino when an Italian researcher found that the country was still formally at war with Sweden. This was because in 1648 San Marino did not sign the Westphalian Peace, which set the stage for the Thirty Years War. The negotiations went on for two years, and when San Marino stopped paying salary to his representative during the negotiations, he took his horse and rode home before the final document was ready. The issue was raised in an entertainment program on Italian TV, where the Swedish ambassador to Rome and a representative of San Marino appeared. They agreed that although the peace treaty had not been signed, there was peace between the two countries. As a symbol, the ambassador handed over a valley horse.

  • ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of San Marino. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.

Population 2000

According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of San Marino in 2000 was 27,351, ranking number 218 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.160% yearly, and the population density was 457.7000 people per km2.


The inhabited area retains the characteristic medieval aspect, with houses built with local stone (S. stone). Traces of three concentric walls are visible, marking the evolution of the center over the centuries. The first wall (13th and 14th century, upper part around the parish church) was followed by the one (14th -15th century) extended up to the tower called Cesta. 16th century it is the third wall, up to the extremity of the mountain ridge. At the gate of San Francesco (ancient entrance to the city) is the church of the same name (1361, transformed in the 17th-18th century), with an adjoining picture gallery. The center of civil life is represented by Piazza della Libertà, with the Government Palace (late 19th century, in fourteenth-century form). Neoclassical is the nearby basilica of San Marino (1836), built on the site of the ancient parish church. Of architectural interest, the three towers (rocche or ‘penne’), erected on the three peaks of the crest of Monte Titano: Rocca or Guaita (11th century); Cesta (13th century), on the highest peak of the mountain; Montale (13th century). In the oldest part of the town, Palazzo Valloni (15th-18th century), with government archive, library and museum.