Congo. A standstill agreement concluded at the turn of the year seemed to have put an end to the civil war that broke out in 1997 and has been going on and off ever since. With Angolan military assistance, President Denis Sassou-Nguesso of northern Republic of the Congo defeated the militia organized by the former leaders of southern Republic of the Congo. Although a court in May sentenced two exiled politicians, former Prime Minister Bernard Kolélas and former Interior Minister Philippe Bikinkita, to death, the peace deal seemed to hold. Most of the approximately 800,000 people who fled the country during the war returned at the beginning of the year.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Republic of the Congo. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
If peace holds in the long run, it appears when the promises of free elections will eventually be fulfilled. The optimism was nevertheless great and the construction work started immediately, albeit with scarce resources. The symbolic significance was given to the reopening of the 50-mile railway line between the capital, Brazzaville and Republic of the Congo’s economic center, the port city of Pointe-Noire.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Republic of the Congo in 2000 was 3,127,300, ranking number 132 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.930% yearly, and the population density was 9.1579 people per km2.