Montenegro, the “Black Mountain”, is a small Balkan state reaching the Adriatic Sea with its varied landscapes.
General information about Montenegro
Situated on the shores of the Adriatic Sea, Montenegro offers scenery from a magnificent coastal area to rugged mountains. The country is the only country in Europe with no motorways but marked hiking trails can be found thousands of kilometers away.
In Montenegro you can still see untouched nature, historic towns and remote villages. The country is suitable for both cultural tourists and active holidaymakers.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Montenegro. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
The best time to travel to Montenegro is in the summer. Average temperatures drop to 20 degrees already in May, and the heat will continue until September. June to July is warmest, up to 30 degrees or more. It is usually always cooler in the mountains.
Montenegro is one of the countries that seceded from the former Yugoslavia, the country did not become independent until 2006. Montenegro’s own language is Montenegro, which is practically the Serbo-Croatian language widely spoken in the region, but the tourist is also good at English. Neighboring countries are Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania.
Although Montenegro does not belong to the European Union, its currency is the euro.
An experienced Finnish-speaking tour guide is always present when traveling to Montegegro.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Montenegro in 2000 was 613,448, ranking number 162 in the world. The population growth rate was -0.220% yearly, and the population density was 45.6178 people per km2.
Peter I was succeeded by Peter II (1830-51), more commonly known under the name of Vladika Rade. The political events of his government are few and of little importance. But his work of reorganization and, almost, of internal civilization was very lively and enlightened. He instituted the senate and the guard; and he organized the first offices and after having, with some resistance, introduced some slight taxes, he made sure that the first state budgets were drawn up; he opened the first schools and built a printing house; established the konak (residence of the vladika); he called scholars from outside to visit and live in Montenegro, and sent Montenegrins to educate themselves abroad; very fond of studies, and especially of poetry, he promoted them in every way. In the twenty years of his government, Montenegro completely changed its face and from a semi-patriarchal organism that had assumed the forms of a real state.
Danilo II, succeeding his uncle Peter II in 1851, stripped himself of the episcopal dignity and assumed the title of prince (gospodar, really: “dominus”); he went to Petersburg where he was recognized in his new capacity and obtained a broad promise of support. Back home, he moved against the Turks, who reacted energetically putting him in a very critical position. Austria, fearing that Russia wanted to provoke new complications in the Balkans, intervened at the Sublime Porte and induced it to suspend hostilities and make some concessions to Danilo. In 1858 the Montenegrins, supported by France, took up arms and made new territorial claims against the Turks, who fought in Grahovo: France and Russia interposed in Constantinople in their favor and the sultan had to accede to their requests.