Mongolia. After an unusually hot and dry summer of 1999, Mongolia suffered the coldest and snowiest winter in 30 years. Much of the vegetation that feeds on the huge cattle herds, which form the backbone of Mongolia’s economy, was eaten up by rodents during the summer, and the little ones that remained were then covered by the snow. As a result, at least three million animals, one-tenth of the entire stock, died, leaving one-third of the country’s population without food.
Four years of civil rule, which only led to poorer living conditions for the majority of the population and characterized by corruption and political instability, were punished in the July parliamentary elections. The former Communist Mongolian Revolutionary Party (Mongol Ardyn Chuvisgalt Nam, MFRP) took back power by a large majority. The party received 72 of Parliament’s 76 seats.
New prime minister became Nambarijn Enchbajar, a charismatic 42-year-old who described British Prime Minister Tony Blair as his example. The former Communist Party promised to continue the privatization of state-owned enterprises, but with greater regard to the social consequences of the economic liberalization.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Mongolia. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
Area: 1,564,116 km2 (world rank: 18)
Population density: 2 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 134)
Capital: Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator)
Official languages: Mongolian
Gross domestic product: 11.5 billion US $; Real growth: 5.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 3290
Currency: 1 Tögrög = 100 Möngö
Hausvogteiplatz 14, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 4748060,
Fax 030 47480616 www.berlin.embassy.mn
head of state: Khaltmaa Battulga, Prime Minister: Ukhnaa Khurelsukh, Exterior: Damdin Tsogtbaatar
National Day: 11.7.
21 provinces, 1 municipality: Ulaanbaatar
State and form of government
Constitution of 1992
Parliament (Great State Hural) with 76 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 4 years (one-time re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years.
last 2010 census: 2,647,545 residents
94% Mongols (88.5% Chalcha, 3.1% Dürbeten, 2.4% Bajats etc.), 4.8% Kazakhs; Minorities of Chinese and Russian
Cities (with population): (as of 2016) Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator) 1,311,251 residents, Erdenet 98,050, Darchan 82,247, Cojbalsan 43,106
Religions: 53% Buddhists, 3% Muslims (Kazakhs), 3% indigenous religions (shamanism), 2% Christians; 39% without religion (as of 2006)
Languages: Mongolian (Chalcha); Russian, languages of the minorities.
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 30%, industry 19%, business 51% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 4.6%
Foreign trade: Import: 4.3 billion US $ (2017); Export: 6.2 billion US $ (2017)
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Mongolia in 2000 was 2,397,307, ranking number 138 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.850% yearly, and the population density was 1.5432 people per km2.