Malawi. Malawi, one of the world’s ten poorest countries, is also one of the hardest hit by HIV and AIDS. About 14% of the population is estimated to carry the HIV virus, and more than 350,000 people have died of AIDS. In Malawi, 400,000 children live orphaned due to the epidemic.
At a donor conference, more than a million dollars were pledged to a five-year campaign against the spread of HIV. By contrast, Malawi declined the World Bank’s offer for a $ 40 million loan. With a foreign debt of more than two billion dollars, one cannot owe more, the government said. One element of the fight against the spread of infection was drastic: In July, President Muluzi ordered the arrest of all prostitutes and their customers.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Malawi. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
In July, a parliamentary committee published a critical report on corruption within the government. In particular, the Ministry of Education was identified as involved in extensive fraud, in which scams on e.g. the construction of new schools had been granted to relatives of high officials. About NOK 20 million was paid out, but no schools were built. Under severe pressure from domestic organizations and foreign donors, President Muluzi carried out a comprehensive reform of the government in November. the Minister of Education resigned.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Malawi in 2000 was 11,148,647, ranking number 69 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.520% yearly, and the population density was 118.2516 people per km2.
State of southern Africa; it borders to the NE with Tanzania, to the NW and to the West with Zambia and for the rest of the territory with Mozambique.
Geologically, the territory of Malawi constitutes the southern section of the Rift system, of the Cenozoic age, of eastern Africa. The Rift del M. represents a rift valley 40 to 90 km wide which extends in the NS direction for about 800 km, limited by faults and monoclinals and the site of intense seismic activity; its bottom is occupied by Lake Malawi and its emissary Shire. The territory of the Malawi consists of a flat area that extends along the western shore of the lake and extends into the river valley, and a portion of the ridge that separates the catchment area of the lake from those of the Zambezi and the tributary Luangwa, a ridge that rises to over 2600 m (Nganda, 2606 m); at the extreme S, on the border with Mozambique, the tabular relief of the Mulanje mountains rises to about 3000 m. The tropical climate is affected by the altitude zoning, especially with regard to rainfall (concentrated in the summer season, but varying from less than 500 mm per year in the lowland areas to more than 1300 in the reliefs). Dominant is the flora of the wooded savannah in the lower parts, and of the sparse forest, higher up, strongly attacked and degraded by the expansion of agricultural practices and only partially defended with the establishment of the Nyika National Park (3200 km 2) and of other protected areas.