Liberia. At the UK’s request, in June the EU decided to withhold nearly SEK 500 million in promised assistance due to the country’s suspected involvement in the Sierra Leone conflict. The Liberia government was accused of holding the Sierra Leonean rebels with weapons and helping them to export illegally mined diamonds on the world market. The same criticism was voiced in December by the UN, which considered punishing Liberia with financial sanctions.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Liberia. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 6,112,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||2.50%|
|GDP per capita||1,300 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||80%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||2.40%|
|National debt||34.40% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves|
The unstable situation in the region characterized most of the year. Rebels with bases in Guinea attacked several localities and districts in Lofa County in July in the country’s northwest corner. Several smaller cities fell into the hands of the rebels before the government was able to bring reinforcements there. The rebels remained unclear, but they were believed to have ties to Alhaji Kromah and Roosevelt Johnson, who led their faction of the militia force ULIMO during the 1989–97 civil war.
More than 35,000 civilians were reported to have escaped the fighting, which also triggered diplomatic tensions with Guinea. The two governments accused each other of protecting and supporting rebel movements from their neighboring countries.
In December, Liberia was also criticized by the United Nations for involvement in the aggravated conflict in Guinea.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Liberia in 2000 was 2,848,345, ranking number 135 in the world. The population growth rate was 6.860% yearly, and the population density was 29.5728 people per km2.
Vegetation and flora. – The landscape of Liberia, very varied in shape, is not so in terms of vegetation, because the jungle reigns over it, which bursts out almost everywhere with such exuberance, as to make planting difficult and laborious and the path of caravans difficult. The low coast is the kingdom of mangoes, which however leave room for weeds and coccheti. But a few kilometers from the coast begins the equatorial forest, which covers almost the whole country, thickening along the course of the rivers. Only in the most internal and elevated parts (Mandingo plateaus) does the forest seem to give way to scrub and wooded savannah.
The essences of the Liberian jungle are those common to all of Guinea: palms, cabinet-making plants, such as acajou, construction plants, such as paletuvieri, rubber, etc. Among the useful and cultivable plants, in addition to the oil palm, coconut and mangoes, we note: coffee, of which one species (Coffea liberica) is native to here and which grows so well as to form real trees and groves, the pepper, cola, sugar cane, cocoa, piassava, cassava, indigo, strofanto; also corn, rice, and, among fruit plants, banana, pineapple, papaya, etc.
Fauna. – Liberia has an equatorial fauna with elements typical of the western subregion of the greater Ethiopian region. Among the primates, Liberia includes the chimpanzee, being included in the range of this species, the collared hoopoe and various other species of the genus, the baboon. Among the Proscimmies, the galago. Many people live in Liberia and there are many insectivores. Carnivores include many species, including some African cats, the serval, the linsang, some food, as well as the lion and the leopard widespread throughout Africa. Among the rodents we will mention several African squirrels, several mice. Among the artiodactyls are the Liberia hippopotamus, smaller than the amphibious hippopotamus, various potamocheri, antelopes, gazelles and, among the perisodactyls, the zebra. The proboscis are represented by the African elephant. Various pangolins, ants among the toothless and the Senegal manatee among the Mermaids live in Liberia. The avifauna is very rich with many forms of birds native to West Africa or common throughout the Ethiopian region. Equally rich is the pre-ecological fauna with many species of saurians and ophidians. Amphibians and freshwater fish are well represented. We will notice the presence of a species of dipnoi (Amphibians and freshwater fish are well represented. We will notice the presence of a kind of dipnoi (Amphibians and freshwater fish are well represented. We will notice the presence of a kind of dipnoi (Protopterus) widespread throughout tropical Africa.
The world of invertebrates is very rich with a luxuriant entomological, malacological, etc. fauna.