Laos. During the first months of the year, an escalation of the guerrilla attacks in central L., where an armed group of the hmong people fought the communist regime since 1975. was reported. in the capital, where deaths were claimed and many people injured.
Several people were injured when a bomb dropped on a bicycle exploded at the entrance to Vientiane’s international airport in November. The attack happened just before Vietnam’s foreign minister arrived for a meeting with the Southeast Asian foreign ministers. Prior to the meeting, the Lao government had assured that there was no threat to the safety of the visiting dignitaries.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Laos. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
At the Foreign Minister’s meeting, the Ganges-Mekong cooperation body was formed with L., India, Burma, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam as members. The organization is intended to strengthen cooperation on education, culture and tourism. The meeting was followed by a state visit by China’s President Jiang Zemin. Assessors saw Jiang’s visit as an attempt to displace Vietnam as L’s most important political ally.
In its annual report on religious freedom in the world, the United States acknowledged L. that the country made great progress in securing the freedom of residents to practice their religion.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Laos in 2000 was 5,323,589, ranking number 106 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.900% yearly, and the population density was 23.0663 people per km2.
The population, according to the 1936 census, was 1,012,000 residents, With a density of 4.4 residents per sq. km. (in the capital, Vientiane, 10,000 residents); an estimate of 1948 makes it amount to 1.5 million on 231,400 sq km. The economy is based on agriculture (rice, coffee, tea), to which are added some special forest products. Exploration of the subsoil (pond, etc.) has also made progress in recent years.
Like Cambodia, Laos underwent serious territorial mutilations following the agreement stipulated on 11 March 1941 in Tōkyō, Japan hopes, between France and Siam. The territory between the northern course of the Mekong and the border with Siam was ceded to the latter. After having obtained, in November 1946, the restitution of these territories, the kingdom of Laos has constantly maintained an attitude of loyalty towards France, defining its own status. against this with an agreement, signed on August 26, 1946. On the basis of it, northern and southern Laos came together in a single state under the Luang Prabang dynasty. According to the constitution of 1947, Laos took the form of a federated state (11 provinces), within the framework of the French Union. The Indochinese federation is represented in Laos by a commissioner of the republic.
With an area of 236,800 km 2 it extends for 1100 km from north to south and borders with Burma, China, Cambodia and, above all, with Thailand to the west and Vietnam to the east. It does not have access to the sea and is more affected, also for this reason, by the political events of neighboring countries. In particular, the communist guerrilla of the Pathet Lao led to the fall of the monarchy (1975) and the birth of the People’s Democratic Republic. This, following the Vietnamese conflict, found in neighboring Vietnam a militarily powerful ally who, having achieved victory, did not hesitate to send in Laos, alongside economic aid, also its own armed forces, thus garrisoning the country for the official purpose. to ensure political stability and economic recovery. In recent years, however, the Vietnamese military presence has undergone a gradual reduction,
Mountainous in the north (with altitudes reaching over 2800 m), it is crossed by the Mekong and its tributaries. The Mekong, for a long stretch, marks the border with Thailand, from which the abundant waters of its main tributary originate, and laps the capital Vientiane, which, with its 378,000 residents (1985), as well as being the political center of the country, it also represents the greatest urban, economic and industrial concentration. The other cities are not as favored as, in the case of the larger ones, they are around 50,000 residents: in the mountainous north, Luang-Prabang, and in the south Savannakhet. Various smaller towns follow, all under 15,000 residents.
The population, at the 1985 census equal to 3,585,000 residents, Is variously distributed. Scarce in the North, it tends to be concentrated along the valleys, but in any case the average density is 15 residents per km 2 it does not undergo too many fluctuations, reaching values of 50-60 residents in the most populated areas. per km 2. However, it is distinguished by a very strong increase which at the end of the 1980s fluctuated around 2.9% per annum. Mostly Buddhists, the Laotians belong to the Chinese group (60%); followed by the Kha (20%) and the minor ethnic groups, such as the Meo, the Yao, etc.