Haiti. Following international pressure and several postponements, May 21 elections were held for the congress. First, the election result, a success for the Fanmi Lavalas (FL) government party, was considered correct, and both FL and international election observers took fairly lightly on the opposition’s claims of irregularities. Gradually, however, the suspicions were reinforced that the election had not gone right. Among other things, if at some polling stations there were only officials from FL, and the second round, which would have been held on June 25, was postponed indefinitely.
The President of the Election Commission claimed to have been pressured by President René Préval and the death threat and fled the country. The congressional elections have been seen as crucial to normalizing Haiti’s institutional life, and international donors are holding back their aid as long as Haiti, which has been in political crisis since 1997, has not consolidated its political infrastructure. But the turmoil surrounding the congressional elections led to the opposition boycotting the November 26 presidential election. Former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide’s landslide victory (92%) was therefore illusory.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Haiti. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
Haitian contemporary history
Since the beginning of the 2000s, Haiti has been characterized by political turmoil and major economic disparities. The great earthquake in 2010 left huge traces, both human, economic and political. However, unlike in the past, it has become the norm for presidents to be replaced by democratic elections, which has contributed to increased stability, despite major protests in the election of President Jovenel Moïse in 2016.
The 2010 earthquake
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was hit by the country’s most powerful earthquake in at least 200 years. After one month, the number of confirmed fatalities was set at 223,000, a number the government estimated had to be increased to over 300,000.
The disaster left around three million people homeless, and hundreds of thousands moved out of the area around the capital Port-au-Prince, where the damage was enormous. The reconstruction of the country was estimated by the Inter-American Development Bank to cost up to NOK 80 billion.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Haiti in 2000 was 8,463,695, ranking number 85 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.790% yearly, and the population density was 307.1047 people per km2.