Guinea Bissau. Kumba Yalla, leader of Guinea-Bissau’s largest party PRS (Partido da Renovaçao), won by clear majority the second round of the presidential election on January 16. Yalla appointed former interior minister Caetano Ntchama new prime minister. In June, Amnesty International accused the new government of harassing political opponents.
The border with Senegal was closed on several occasions during the spring and summer. Reports came that armed Senegalese separatists or bandits had crossed the Senegal border to steal cattle and vehicles. Separatists from the MFDC (Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de la Casamance), which according to the Senegalese government has bases in Guinea-Bissau, were accused in April of killing 18 people in southern Senegal. The Guinean government shortly thereafter accused Senegal of having bombed areas in northern Guinea-Bissau. This was denied by Senegal, who admitted, however, that a military operation had been carried out against the MFDC in the border area. The country’s prime ministers met in September for discussions on how to end the violence.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Guinea-Bissau. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
A political crisis arose in September when Yalla dismissed four ministers from the RGB coalition partner (Resistência da Guiné-Bissau). The government thus lost its majority in Parliament. The reason was disagreement over what policy the government would implement. However, the crisis could be averted and the ministers reinstated.
In October, a new council was appointed, with representatives of all political parties in parliament and civil organizations, to take over the role of adviser to the president, previously held by a group of military.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Guinea-Bissau in 2000 was 1,201,190, ranking number 152 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.980% yearly, and the population density was 42.7205 people per km2.