Chad. The low-intensity civil war between the government army and a number of guerrilla forces continued during the year. In February, there were reports that three rebel groups, all fighting President Idriss Déby’s regime, had decided to form an alliance. In June, the government signed a peace agreement with the guerrilla movement RAFAD.
At the beginning of the year, the International Monetary Fund approved a three-year loan to Chad of just over $ 26 million for the fight against poverty in the country. In June, the World Bank decided to finance $ 193 million for a controversial oil production in southern Chad. A planned pipeline of over 100 km from the oil wells through Cameroon to the Atlantic coast has been criticized by environmental groups. The project, which is estimated to cost $ 3.5 billion, was officially inaugurated in October.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Chad. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
Chad’s former president Hissène Habré was prosecuted during a year in a Senegal court, where Habré lived in exile. Habré was charged with torture and murder during his presidency. In July, however, the charge was dropped, after Senegal’s new President Abdoulayé Wade was reported to have dismissed the former judge in the case. Protests came from human rights organizations, which had initiated the prosecution.
In November, Chadian authorities reported that around 50 people had been killed and many more injured in fighting between two ethnic groups in central Chad. Both groups live from livestock breeding and were in conflict over water sources. At the end of the year, the government appealed for international assistance to Chad, as a fifth of the country’s population was estimated to be in need of food aid following unusually poor rainfall.
Area: 1,284,000 km2 (world rank: 20)
Population density: 12 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 73)
Official languages: French, Arabic
Gross domestic product: 10.0 billion US $; Real growth: -3.0%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 630 US$
Currency: CFA Franc
Lepsiusstr. 114, 12165 Berlin
Telephone 030 31991620,
Fax 030 319916220 www.ambatchadberlin.com
Head of State: Idriss Déby Itno, Outside: Mahamat Zene Chérif
National holiday: 11.8.
State and form of government
Constitution of 2018
Parliament: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 188 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 6 years (one-time re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years of age
Population of: Chad, last census 2009: 11,039.873 residents
approx. 200 ethnic groups: approx. 15% Sudan Arabs; 40% Islamic peoples (Kanembu, Boulala, Hadjerai, Dadjo, Maba, Tubu-Daza, Tama, Zaghawa and others; in the S 30% Sara and others; Hausa, Fulbe)
Cities (with population): (as of 2009) N’Djamena 951,418 pop., Moundou 137.251, Abéché 97.963, Sarh 97.224, Kelo 57.859
Religions: 58% Muslims, 18% Catholics, 16% Prostestants; indigenous religions (status: 2006)
Languages: French, Arabic; Sara, Baguirmi, Boulala, Tibbu-Gorane and others
Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 87%, industry 5%, business 8% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: -0.9%
Foreign trade: Import: 2.8 billion US$ (2017); Export: US $ 1.3 billion (2017)
There are three climate zones in Chad: the tropical south, in the middle the semi-arid Sahel zone and in the north the desert climate of the Sahara.
Most of Chad is characterized by a desert climate with pronounced dryness and large daily temperature fluctuations. Only in southern Chad is there an almost tropical, alternately humid climate. Here the average temperatures are 20 to 25 ° C with maximum values around 40 ° C shortly before the rainy season. The rainy season lasts from May to October, with annual rainfall reaching more than 1,100 mm.
Traveling in the country is practically impossible in the rainy season. The best time to travel to Chad is in the cool season from November to January.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Chad in 2000 was 8,355,543, ranking number 87 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.570% yearly, and the population density was 6.6357 people per km2.