Trinidad and Tobago. The United National Congress (UNC) won 19 of the parliament’s 36 seats in the December elections. But accusations of electoral fraud the opposition party People’s National Movement forced the appointment of a new head of government.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
|Land area||5,128 km²|
|Residents per km²||235.7|
|Capital||Port of Spain|
|Income per capita||$ 31,300|
|Currency||Trinidad and Tobago dollars|
|ISO 3166 code||TT|
|Telephone code||+ 1-868|
|Time zone UTC||-4|
|Geographic coordinates||11 00 N, 61 00 W.|
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Trinidad and Tobago in 2000 was 1,267,042, ranking number 150 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.210% yearly, and the population density was 247.0084 people per km2.
Trinidad and Tobago is an island state located off the coast of Venezuela, in the Lesser Antilles archipelago. More than 95% of the population lives on the island of Trinidad, where the capital Port of Spain is located. The residents are mostly of Indian, African and mestizo origin. This is reflected, on a religious level, in the presence of different faiths: a Christian majority, substantial Hindu and Muslim presences, but also syncretic faiths of African origin. The islands of Trinidad and Tobago, reached by Christopher Columbus in 1498, were under Spanish rule until 1797, when they came under British control. Having obtained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, they adopted a Republican Constitution in 1976, attributing to the President of the Republic, elected by the parliament, the functions already performed by the British crown. The institutional structure provides for a bicameral system: 31 members meet in the senate, while 41 elected deputies meet every five years in the House of Representatives. The prime minister is Keith Rowley, leader of the People’s National Movement and winner of the elections held in September 2015 in which he defeated outgoing premier Kamla Persad-Bissessar. The new government is facing economic difficulties due to falling oil prices and security problems caused by drug trafficking. The cocaine trafficking routes between the two Americas pass through the two Caribbean islands. In an attempt to stem the wave of crimes related to drug trafficking, on 21 August 2011 the government of Port of Spain decreed a state of emergency, which remained in force for six months.
Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom are the main partners for security issues, in particular for anti-drug and anti-money laundering operations. The three western states also play an important role in the energy sector, both for direct investments in the oil and gas industry, and as recipients of exports. Trinidad and Tobago is the main South American exporter of natural gas and its economy is heavily dependent on this resource which, together with oil, constitutes about 40% of GDP and 80% of exports, but contributes only 5% to all. ‘occupation. Thanks to energy resources, Trinidad and Tobago is one of the most developed countries in the Latin American area,
The delicate relations with neighboring Venezuela are also based on the energy question. In 2003 the two countries signed an agreement for the joint exploration of the seabed of the border maritime area. In 2005, however, Venezuela signed the Petrocaribe agreement with Cuba, the Dominican Republic and most of the countries of the Caribbean community (Caricom). Trinidad and Tobago has been excluded, despite having a leading role in the community. Thus Venezuela won a large share of the energy market that the two islands also aspired to.
For its part, Trinidad and Tobago reacted by proposing to create an infrastructural network in the Eastern Caribbean area to supply Barbados, Saint Lucia, Dominica, Martinique and Guadalupe.