Tanzania. In October, President Benjamin Mkapa was re-elected by a large margin, and the Revolutionary Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM) won the parliamentary election. But in Zanzibar, the crisis that prevailed since the 1995 elections was reinforced when the United Citizens’ Front (Civic United Front, CUF) claimed that cheating had occurred and refused to take its seats in the local parliament.
After a troubled election campaign, the election on Zanzibar was not only judged by CUF. The observers of the Commonwealth spoke of “an incredible disdain for democracy”. The election was redone in 16 of the archipelago’s 50 constituencies, but was boycotted by both the CUF, which demanded re-election everywhere, and by the foreign observers. The result was a clear victory for CCM, but a lasting distrust of the central power.
Foreign Minister Jakaya Kikwete of the CCM government won 80% of the December presidential vote. Kikwete replaced Mkapa on the post, which he had held for 10 years. CCM also won the parliamentary elections with 70% of the vote. The opposition party CUF won on the island of Pemba, which according to. Kikwete proved that the election had been fair, despite the allegation of election fraud by Augustine Mrema, whose Labor Party got less than 1% of the vote. Upon his accession, the new president declared that “those who expect radical political change are wrong”.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Tanzania. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
In May 2006, a Zanzibar court opened a lawsuit against a group of citizens on the island claiming that the 1964 treaty uniting Zanzibar with the mainland was illegal. Acc. the applicants are for the benefit of the one party only and in particular to the detriment of Zanzibar.
In July 2007, the World Bank allocated DKK 60 million. US $ to Tanzania for sewerage projects. That same month, President Kikwete launched a new campaign against HIV/ AIDS. Furthermore, the school building and the building of a large technical university with room for 40,000 students were started. However, the president in particular earned praise for his fight against corruption.
In February 2008, Prime Minister Edward Lowassa was forced to resign after a parliamentary commission of inquiry revealed corruption within his cabinet. The president appointed Mizengo Pinda as his successor. Following a stream of corruption cases in the country, in January 2010, Pinda publicly disclosed his finances, declaring that he had only 3 smaller houses, a borrowed ministerial car and $ 20,000 in the bank account.
In 2008, Tanzania chaired the African Union. President Kikwete played a key role here in settling the conflict in Kenya following the 2007 elections.
In 2010, investigations of the sunken volcano Ngualla started 200 km north of Dar. In February 2012, it was confirmed that the area is rich in rare earths and is the second largest occurrence in the world – after China.
In 2010, the number of refugees from Burundi was 38,000. They lived in and around Mtabila refugee camp in western Tanzania. Authorities officially considered the camp closed and repatriated thousands.
Kikwete was re-elected as President in October 2010 with 62.8% of the vote. At the same time, parliamentary elections were held, with the ruling party getting 258 out of Parliament’s 343 seats. The main opposition party, Chadema, criticized irregularities in the election campaign and questioned several of the results, but the election was peaceful and was considered fair. Already in July, a referendum had been held on Zanzibar on whether to form a national unity government after the October parliamentary elections. The proposal was adopted with 66.4% of the vote.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Tanzania in 2000 was 33,499,069, ranking number 32 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.470% yearly, and the population density was 37.8180 people per km2.