Tajikistan. In February and March elections were held for the parliament’s lower house. President Imomali Rachmonov’s party, the People’s Democratic Party, received over 70% of the vote. The opposition, however, claimed that extensive electoral fraud had occurred and that many candidates had been barred from running. Observers from the UN and OSCE also expressed doubts that the elections had been right. Several violent assaults preceded the election. In February, the Deputy Minister of Security was killed by a bomb as he traveled by car through the capital, Dusjanbe.
The National Reconciliation Commission, which has worked since the end of the civil war in 1997, was dissolved in March because the elections were the last part of the peace agreement. However, several problems were unsolved, mainly the relocation of over 100,000 refugees, integration of the opposition’s armed forces into the country’s army and the quota of opposition politicians in governing bodies.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Tajikistan. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
In the spring and summer, Tajikistan held several presidential and foreign minister-level meetings with its Central Asian neighbors and decided on cooperation against Afghan-backed Islamic terrorists in the region. In August, guerrillas from Afghanistan were reported to enter Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan via Tajikistan. In both countries, several weeks of fighting were fought, with many deaths as a result.
Missing rains caused Tajikistan to suffer devastating drought during the summer and autumn, the worst in 70 years. At the same time, irrigation systems were largely out of use since the Civil War. According to the UN, 3 million residents, almost half of the country’s population, were affected by the drought. In November, the UN warned that 1 million people were starving for the winter. Many of them lived in hard-to-reach mountain areas, where it would take a long time to obtain food shipments. In the past, about 85% of Tajikistan’s population is estimated to live in poverty.
The front of the civil war in Afghanistan was getting closer and closer to Tajikistan in September, and upwards of 150,000 people were said to be fleeing the Tajik border. As a result, Tajikistan closed its border, which is guarded by Russian soldiers in cooperation with the Tajikistan authorities. In the autumn and winter, appeals came from, among other things. The UN Refugee Commission for Tajikistan to let in the worst affected refugees, mainly women and children, who lived in inhumane conditions in the border area.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Tajikistan in 2000 was 6,216,230, ranking number 98 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.520% yearly, and the population density was 44.4151 people per km2.