Kenya. After many years of economic downturn, Kenya entered the new century in an acute crisis. The situation was made worse by the fact that perennial drought had depleted agriculture. In the spring, nearly three million rural residents were estimated to be without food, and about 80% of the country’s population was said to be at risk of starvation. The water shortage also created a crisis in the energy supply, and even the capital Nairobi suffered from long power outages. President Daniel arap Moi pleaded with the outside world to come to the rescue.
Several elements of the 2000 budget presented in June were interpreted as an attempt to regain the confidence of international lenders. Among other things, 25,000 government employees were notified of termination, and 49% of the shares in the state telecommunications company were offered for sale. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank interrupted the assistance to K. 1997 in protest against corruption and economic mismanagement, but now granted new loans after giving approval to the government’s attempt to curb corruption.
As in previous years, the government delivered double messages. A parliamentary committee that had investigated the corruption in the state administration presented in July a list of people whose activities should be examined in more detail. There were the son of President Phillip and Vice President George Saitoti; the latter long suspected of financial irregularities. Despite angry protests from the opposition, the government cleared all names with government affiliation before the list was published.
In September, at the last moment, a court stopped the mass redundancies of government employees at the request of an opposition party. The cancellations were part of the internationally supported budgetary restructuring program, but the court questioned the legality of the decision.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Kenya. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
The climate of the Kenyan highlands is considered to be very healthy, which is why the country was very popular even during the colonial times. In the two rainy seasons (April to June and October to December) there is about 1,250mm of precipitation in the highlands and about 1,000mm on the coast. The average air temperature on the coast is 27 ° C. In Nairobi the temperatures are between 15 and 18 ° C.
Many travelers choose Kenya as their first safari destination. National parks and protected areas in East Africa are the best areas if you want to see almost all the large animals in the wild. The most famous protected areas for trips to Kenya are the Amboseli and Tsavo National Parks and the Masai Mara National Reserve.
Herds of elephants, zebras, African buffalo, giraffes and various antelopes roam the deserted savannah. In the heat of the afternoon, the lions and cheetahs lurk in the shade. Hippos thrive in the lush wetlands of marshes and rivers. The red-clad long-haired land meadows graze their cattle in the savannah – the national park also includes people.
Most of Kenya’s safaris start from the country’s capital, Nairobi. The city was born on the railway line connecting the coast of the Indian Ocean and Lake Victoria as a halfway base a hundred years ago. Admittedly, Kenyans had been allowed to receive conquerors even before the British built the track: the Kushites, the Nilots, the Arabs in the slave and ivory trade, the Portuguese, and the troops of the Sultan of Oman. The rumor of fertile soil also lured Kenya to cultivate coffee by author Karen Blixen, whose novel-based film My Africa raised the outright craze of Kenya around the world in the 1980s. The country became independent under the leadership of Jomo Kenyatta in 1963 as one of the first in the great wave of independence in Africa. The majority of the people of agricultural Kenya are Kikuyu, although the colorful land sites are better known in the world. The capital, Nairobi, is a metropolis of two million inhabitants and, with many UN agencies, is the informal capital of the entire continent.
Spreading to the foot of the snow-capped Kilimanjaro, the woodless savannah of Ambosel National Park makes it easy to locate the most common animals in the savannah. In the coolness of the marshland created by the melting waters of Kilimanjaro, hippos and elephants soak in the refreshing waves. From the Ambosel Plateau, you can continue your safari to West and East Tsavo. Together, these two form one of the largest national parks in the world; its size is over 20,000 km². The rural villages of Ambosel become a residential area of the Taita tribe near the Chyulu Mountains. The landscape features ash beams of soil volcanism and fields covered with solidified lava, where graceful rock jumpers thrive. Lions, hyenas, leopards, buffaloes and many antelope species belong to the park’s fauna. Tsavo is especially famous for his lions and elephants. There are also more than 400 species of birds, from the small African dwarf hawk to the world’s heaviest flying bird, the king ladder. Hippos and crocodiles can be seen in the clear water of the Mzimalähtme. Heading east, the mountains are replaced by plains and large baobabs in the park, the Monkey Bread Trees. African safaris are inhabited in the middle of nature in comfortable lodges, where it is fun to spend time between park rides enjoying good food and a cool swimming pool. East Tsavo is inhabited by well-equipped tent huts: in the silence of the night you can hear the sounds of the surrounding nature nearby, a herd of lions sharing a prey or a herd of elephants wandering into the water. A safari to Amboseli and Tsavo National Park is a nice end to the hot and humid beach of Mombasa. The beginning of the Swahili-speaking port city is considered to be a fortress built by the Portuguese 500 years ago. Both the northern and southern beaches of Mombasa entice you to enjoy a few days of beach life and sunshine.
The forces lurking in the Earth’s eclipse have shown their power in Kenya: the tomb of East Africa, a north-south rupture from southern Turkey all the way to Mozambique, splits the two-kilometer-high central Kenyan plateau in two. At the bottom of Vajoama, lakes like Nakuru and Naivasha have emerged over millions of years, around which diverse flora and fauna have developed. The large heather forests of Nakuru Soda Lake provide protection for both shrub and rhinoceros snouts as well as Rotschild giraffes. Nakuru is also attracted by its diverse birds. Freshwater, clear and fishy Lake Naivashajärvi is called the pearl of the burial ground. Its papyrus reef beaches and boat trips will be especially interesting because of the waterfowl world.
Masai Mara is the most famous of Kenya’s numerous nature reserves. From its safari tent camp, you will get to know giraffes, elephants, African buffalo and antelopes walking in the rolling savannah landscape, but especially the large cat population of the park. The Mara and Sand rivers with their tributaries guarantee the supply of water from the grassland all year round, so there is enough food for both large carnivores and herbivores. To the south, the Masai Mara Nature Reserve connects with the Serengeti Plain on the Tanzanian side. Together, these form the world’s last natural pasture ecosystem with annual migration and a total area of 25,000 km².
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Kenya in 2000 was 31,964,446, ranking number 33 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.850% yearly, and the population density was 56.1629 people per km2.