1983 Bishop is murdered and US invades
Prime Minister Bishop was facing increasing pressure from the NJM’s left wing, led by his Deputy Prime Minister and Economy Minister Bernard Coard. The Left wanted to radicalize political developments, but the contradictions were also due to Coard’s envy of Bishop’s huge popularity in the population. When Bishop returned home on October 10, 1983, after a trip to Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Cuba, he was placed under house arrest and Army Chief General Hudson Austin assumed power. The arrest almost revolted popularly, Bishop was released from house arrest by a large demonstration, only a short time later to be executed by an execution platoon with his wife, Education Minister Jacqueline Creft, Foreign and Housing Ministers, 2 union leaders and 13 protesters.
The events shocked the country and the United States quickly took advantage of the situation. The plans for the invasion of Grenada were already several years old and had been tested during several military exercises. They were now brought to life. On the morning of October 25, 5,000 Marines and Green Berets were landed. A few hours later, they were followed by 300 police officers from 6 Caribbean states – Antigua, Barbados, Dominica, Jamaica, St. Lucia and St. Vincent – who took part in the invasion for “humanitarian reasons”.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: Offers three letter and two letter abbreviations for the country of Grenada. Also covers country profile such as geography, society and economy.
Due. Armed resistance from the country’s militia, and especially from the 600 Cubans involved in the construction of the new international airport, the invasion took considerably longer than the US military planners had predicted and the number of casualties was also far higher than anticipated. During the invasion, the United States kept the press away, and journalists trying to get in anyway were taken prisoner of war. They hindered the reporting of many civilian killings as well as the US attacks on a mental hospital and other non-military targets.
The invasion was condemned from most of the world, including the US European NATO partners. It was largely supported only by Margaret Thatcher in the United Kingdom, and the small conservative Caribbean island states, who feared socialist development in their own countries. Neighboring Barbados was rewarded 20 days later for its participation in the invasion with $ 18.5 million in “development assistance”. The Organization of American States (OAS) and the UN condemned the invasion. But the United States had taken an important step in escaping the trauma of the superpower that came after losing the Vietnam War in 1975.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the population of Grenada in 2000 was 102,722, ranking number 196 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.500% yearly, and the population density was 302.4500 people per km2.