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Zimbabwe

Yearbook 2000

2000 ZimbabweZimbabwe. According to COUNTRYAAH, a proposal for a new constitution was rejected in a referendum in February. The Constitution would have given President Robert Mugabe increased power and the right to confiscate, without compensation, white-owned agriculture. The turnout was only 20%, which in itself was interpreted as a no for Mugabe.

Shortly thereafter, veterans of the Liberation War and landless farm workers began to occupy White's farms. Mugabe supported the actions, and the police defied court orders to evict the occupants. In the spring, several white landowners and members of the new opposition party were murdered Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The occupants received further support when the Zanu-PF government used their large majority in Parliament to enforce confiscation rights in a constitutional amendment.

2000 Zimbabwe

The campaign for the June parliamentary elections was characterized by the violence and threats of rural veterans and Zanu-PF activists in the countryside. In many places opposition candidates could not run any campaign at all. The result was that Zanu-PF's power monopoly was broken. MDC received 57 of the 120 directly elected seats and Zanu-PF 62. MDC completely dominated the big cities and the Matabeleland region. Foreign observers, however, said that because of the violence, there had been no "free and honest choice". The MDC appealed the findings in 39 constituencies and initiated a civil trial against the president.

Occupations continued in the fall, and the list of farms to be confiscated was expanded from about 800 to over 3,000. New court orders to evict occupants were canceled, and in October, the government issued amnesty to those who committed violent crimes in connection with the occupations and the election campaign.

Zimbabwe's already poor economy deteriorated dramatically. The World Bank interrupted lending since the government failed to pay off the repayments on previous loans. Thus, Zimbabwe was expected to find it very difficult to raise new credits elsewhere. The war in Congo-Kinshasa, which was estimated to cost at least SEK 300 million. of the month, was a root cause of the poor economy, as were the land occupations that threatened to hit hard on agricultural production. Finance Minister Simba Makoni, who was taken from business after the election, estimated in the 2001 budget that the economy would shrink by 4% and agriculture by 10%. The budget deficit rose to 25% of GDP. Both interest rates and inflation were around 60%, and half the population lacked work. Over the past ten years, purchasing power has decreased by 75%.

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