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Thailand

Yearbook 2000

2000 ThailandThailand. According to COUNTRYAAH, the first Senate elections in Thailand were held in March. Earlier, the senators had been appointed by the prime minister. The candidates did not belong to any party and did not even run any election campaign. The election was held in accordance with the 1997 Constitution, which aims to make voting and other corruption in politics more difficult. The new Independent Electoral Commission rejected so many results that the Senate could not be assembled until August 1 after a large number of re-elections.

Interior Minister Sanan Kajornprasart resigned in March from both the government and parliament, after the National Commission against Corruption accused him of providing false information about his financial assets. In September, he was convicted by the Constitutional Court and excluded from politics for five years.

The House of Representatives disbanded in November, and a new election was announced shortly after the New Year 2001. Company leader and billionaire Thaksin Shinawatra was believed to be able to bring his newly formed party of Thai straight Thai into power. However, in the autumn, a corruption investigation was launched against him for the same kind of false declaration as the Minister of the Interior. In June, the credit rating agency Moody's rated Thailand as again suitable for investment, following the completion of the International Monetary Fund's $ 17 billion stabilization program. The program began in 1997, when Thailand was hit hard by the Southeast Asian financial crisis.

2000 Thailand

On May 24, Suchinda filed his resignation petition and his Deputy Prime Minister Mitchai Ruchuphan temporarily took over the post. In June, the constitutional amendment was passed and it restricted the military's participation in the government. Following the amendment, King Bhumibol appointed Anand Panyarachun as Prime Minister. He was a respected politician who had also held the post after the military coup in 91.

Parliament accepted the king's appointment of Anand Panyarachun as prime minister, and this one started to form a government that was predominantly made up of technocrats. At the same time, 12 officers who had been responsible for the massacre in May were dismissed.

On June 29, parliament was dissolved and new elections were held for September. It was won by the Democratic Party, which got 79 seats in the House of Representatives. On September 23, a new coalition government under the leadership of anti-militarist Chuan Leekpai was deployed. On March 19, 93, he published a new economic program aimed at attracting further foreign investment. What particularly attracted foreign companies was the cost of labor that was lower than in the other countries in the region.

Finance Minister Tarrin Nimmanahaeminda's plan also included financial support for the rural areas to curb internal population movements, stimulate the unemployed from the cities to return to the country and curb the rampant population growth in the capital Bangkok. The budget deficit for 93 was set at $ 2.2 billion, equivalent to 0.9% of gross domestic product. The government defended the deficit with the need to invest in infrastructure projects, as it was its goal to develop Thailand into regional superpower with the capacity to invest in neighboring Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia.

But Thailand faces many problems in this process, the most important being the deep poverty of the population and the spread of AIDS. The opposition accused Prime Minister Leekpai of being too slow and inadequate in solving the most immediate problems. On 10-12. On June 93, the opposition put forward a distrust agenda against him, which he survived by 204 against 153 votes.

The country is also plagued by a number of political problems. Leekpai's own honesty has not yet been questioned, but several of his ministers have previously been involved in illegal activities. Furthermore, lawsuits against the coup general Manun Rupkachom and former prime ministers Chatichai Chunhavan and Anand Paniachurun ​​were conducted. What particularly irritated the opposition was the interruption of the process against Montri Pongpanich, leader of the Social Action Party, who was also a member of the government and therefore had full immunity.

 

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