Tanzania. In October, President Benjamin Mkapa was
re-elected by a large margin, and the Revolutionary Party
(Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM) won the parliamentary election.
But in Zanzibar, the crisis that prevailed since the 1995
elections was reinforced when the United Citizens' Front
(Civic United Front, CUF) claimed that cheating had occurred
and refused to take its seats in the local parliament.
After a troubled election campaign, the election on
Zanzibar was not only judged by CUF. According to
COUNTRYAAH, the observers of the
Commonwealth spoke of "an incredible disdain for democracy".
The election was redone in 16 of the archipelago's 50
constituencies, but was boycotted by both the CUF, which
demanded re-election everywhere, and by the foreign
observers. The result was a clear victory for CCM, but a
lasting distrust of the central power.
Foreign Minister Jakaya Kikwete of the CCM government won
80% of the December presidential vote. Kikwete replaced
Mkapa on the post, which he had held for 10 years. CCM also
won the parliamentary elections with 70% of the vote. The
opposition party CUF won on the island of Pemba, which
according to. Kikwete proved that the election had been
fair, despite the allegation of election fraud by Augustine
Mrema, whose Labor Party got less than 1% of the vote. Upon
his accession, the new president declared that "those who
expect radical political change are wrong".
In May 2006, a Zanzibar court opened a lawsuit against a
group of citizens on the island claiming that the 1964
treaty uniting Zanzibar with the mainland was illegal. Acc.
the applicants are for the benefit of the one party only and
in particular to the detriment of Zanzibar.
In July 2007, the World Bank allocated DKK 60 million. US
$ to Tanzania for sewerage projects. That same month,
President Kikwete launched a new campaign against HIV/
AIDS. Furthermore, the school building and the building of a
large technical university with room for 40,000 students
were started. However, the president in particular earned
praise for his fight against corruption.
In February 2008, Prime Minister Edward Lowassa was
forced to resign after a parliamentary commission of inquiry
revealed corruption within his cabinet. The president
appointed Mizengo Pinda as his successor. Following a stream
of corruption cases in the country, in January 2010, Pinda
publicly disclosed his finances, declaring that he had only
3 smaller houses, a borrowed ministerial car and $ 20,000 in
the bank account.
In 2008, Tanzania chaired the African Union. President
Kikwete played a key role here in settling the conflict in
Kenya following the 2007 elections.
In 2010, investigations of the sunken volcano Ngualla
started 200 km north of Dar. In February 2012, it was
confirmed that the area is rich in rare earths and is the
second largest occurrence in the world - after China.
In 2010, the number of refugees from Burundi was 38,000.
They lived in and around Mtabila refugee camp in western
Tanzania. Authorities officially considered the camp closed
and repatriated thousands.
Kikwete was re-elected as President in October 2010 with
62.8% of the vote. At the same time, parliamentary elections
were held, with the ruling party getting 258 out of
Parliament's 343 seats. The main opposition party, Chadema,
criticized irregularities in the election campaign and
questioned several of the results, but the election was
peaceful and was considered fair. Already in July, a
referendum had been held on Zanzibar on whether to form a
national unity government after the October parliamentary
elections. The proposal was adopted with 66.4% of the vote.