Taiwan is an island country in East Asia, not recognized by
the UN. His government officially calls the country
"Republic of China". Its territory is formed by the Formosa
Island, the Fishermen Archipelago and dozens of other small
islands. There are 23.5 million residents (2016). The
capital is Taipei. The Portuguese arrived in the 16th
century, established a trading post and named Ilha Formosa.
At that time, the Iberian Union was in force, so Spaniards
also settled on the island and dominated the northern part
until 1646, when they were expelled by the Dutch. From 1662,
the Chinese took control of the Island. From 1895, after the
Sino-Japanese war, until the end of World War II, Formosa
was under the control of Japan. In 1949, mainland China was
dominated by the communists, led by Mao Zedong. About 2
million Chinese, led by Chiang Kai-shek, took refuge in
Taiwan. Taiwan, as the Republic of China, was one of the
founders of the UN and one of five members with veto power.
The UN considered the government of Taiwan to be the
legitimate government of the whole of China. In 1971, with
support from the USA, Taiwan was replaced by the Beijing
Communist government, leaving it without representation at
the UN. Tensions between China and Taiwan continue, each of
the two governments claiming to be the legitimate
representative of the whole of China.
Taiwan. In March, Chen Shuibian was elected Taiwan's new
president. Chen, who was the Democratic Progress Party
candidate, received 39.3% of the vote. Closely in second
place was independent candidate James Soong with 36.8%,
while the ruling party of Guomindang, Vice President Lien
Chan, came in third with 23.1%.
COUNTRYAAH, Chen's party had pushed the line that Taiwan should
declare itself independent of China. Shortly before the
election, Chinese Prime Minister Zhu Rongji issued a warning
to Taiwanese residents not to make a mistake in "the local
elections". By voting for a more independent people, they
could "trigger a war," Zhu said. But Chen himself said both
before and after the election that he did not intend to
declare Taiwan independently unless China militarily attacks
the island. After the presidential election, Taiwan's
popular assembly, the yuan, decided for the first time in
half a century to allow direct transport between Taiwan's
outlying islands and the Chinese mainland.
China's reaction to the choice of Chen was initially
restrained. But when Chen proposed a summit on peace, where
all issues would be discussed unconditionally, China's
President Jiang Zemin responded that talks were welcome only
when Chen recognized the principle of "a China." At the end
of the year, China's Deputy Prime Minister instead met with
the Vice President of Guomindang. It was the first meeting
of its kind in over half a century, and it was interpreted
by observers as an attempt by China to isolate Chen.
Prime Minister Tang Fei resigned in October after
conflict with President Chen, among others. about Taiwan's
fourth nuclear reactor. The president wanted to cancel the
ongoing construction of the reactor, while Tang and his
party, Guomindang, demanded the completion of the reactor.
Tang was replaced by Chang Chunhsiung, and a few weeks later
the government decided that the reactor building should be
stopped for safety and environmental reasons. The
opposition, which had a majority in Parliament, responded by
voting on a law that would make it easier for Parliament to
conduct a vote of no confidence in the president.
At the beginning of November, 81 people were killed when
a passenger plane crashed in connection with it taking off
from Taibei's airport. The pilot chose a runway that was
turned off for repair and the plane ran into construction
equipment. Very bad weather prevailed at the accident. A
hurricane with accompanying rain and flooding swept across
Taiwan, killing at least 32 people in the storm.