Senegal. For the first time since independence in 1960,
the Socialist Party candidate lost a presidential election,
when Abdoulaye Wade, leader of the PDS (Parti démocratique
sénégalais) defeated President Diouf in the second round of
March 19 elections. According to
COUNTRYAAH, wade had gone to elections with promises
of, among other things. fight against corruption and
unemployment. The government that took office in April was a
mix of technocrats and representatives of the diverse group
of parties that had supported the PDS leader in the
Despite peace efforts, unrest continued in the south,
with the separatist movement MFDC fighting for an
independent Casamance. At the end of the year,
representatives of the MFDC and the government met, but
nothing was said if and when the parties would meet again.
Tensions arose in Mauritania in the early summer after
Senegal decided to resume an irrigation project on the
Senegal River, which forms a border between the countries.
However, an open conflict could be averted since Senegal
interrupted the project in June.
In May 2014, the MFDC rebel movement entered into a
unilateral ceasefire after several years of negotiations
with the government in Rome.
Despite the country's border with Guinea, in 2014 it
failed to be drawn into the Ebola epidemic that ravaged West
Africa. Only 1 Ebola case was recorded in Senegal, and the
person in question survived.
The high gold prices on the world market triggered gold
fever in the eastern part of the country, where the
government also sold the mining rights to the land over the
heads of the farmers who actually owned it.
In March 2015, Senegal's Anti-Corruption Court (CREI)
sentenced Karim Wade to six years in prison and a fine of €
210,744,000 for illegally providing wealth. Wade former
minister and son of former President Abdoulaye Wade. In
April, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary
Detention found that Wade had been arbitrarily detained, but
in August the Supreme Court upheld the verdict.
In July, the trial of Chad's former president Hissène
Habré started for crimes against humanity. It was the first
time in the history of Africa that a court in one state
brought a case against a former head of state from another
state. In May 2016, Habré was sentenced to life in prison
for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture
committed in Chad in 1982-90.
The journalist and chairman of the Jubanti movement,
Mamadou Mouth Bane, was detained in February by the police
for "rebellion". The occasion was some remarks he had made
on TV up to the referendum in March. He was released and not