Papua New Guinea. According to
COUNTRYAAH, the provincial government in East New
Britain announced at the beginning of the year that it plans
to relocate some 25,000 residents from some islands that are
about to become uninhabitable due to rising sea levels.
In March, an agreement was signed between the Papua New
Guinea government and the Bougainville People's Congress on
autonomous governance on the island. Under the agreement, a
people-elected autonomy government will gradually take over
responsibility for a number of social areas within the
framework of Papua New Guinea's constitution and
legislation. A referendum on independence will be held after
the establishment of the autonomy government.
Local residents in western Papua New Guinea opened a
lawsuit in April against the Australian mining company BHP
claiming compensation for extensive environmental
degradation from the large copper and gold mine in Ok Tedi.
In May it was announced that BHP had decided to close the
Tribal battles have become a serious social and economic
burden for Papua New Guinea, and in April Parliament
tightened legislation on tribal battles with accompanying
In November, the government decided to leave Parliament
home between December 2000 and July 2001. This enabled the
government to get past the time limit laid down in the
Constitution, when a vote of no confidence can be placed.
At the end of November, the area east of Papua New Guinea
was shaken by several earthquakes, which were followed by
heavy tides. Thousands of people became homeless as homes
were washed away from coastal villages on several islands.
Some people were reported to have been killed.