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North Korea

Yearbook 2000

North Korea. According to COUNTRYAAH, North Korea, at the beginning of the year, engaged in very active diplomacy for the purpose of breaking the country's international isolation. Diplomatic relations were established with Italy and Australia. USA, Canada, Japan and China. Japan decided to resume food aid interrupted in 1998. From Korea's president came high-level talks between the two Korean governments, something that was not rejected by North Korea.

2000 North Korea

However, cooperation with foreign aid agencies was tough. In the spring, two organizations, one French and one American, decided to leave North Korea. The reasons were that food aid was being diverted to the army and to civil servants and that supervision of aid projects was made more difficult. The food situation in the country was reported to be very precarious.

In the spring, North Korea and South Korea agreed on a meeting between the two countries' presidents for the first time since the Korean Peninsula was divided into two states in 1948. The historic summit between North Korea President Kim Jong Il and his South Korean counterpart Kim Dae Jung was held June 13-15 in Pyongyang. 600,000 cheering North Koreans edged the short route through the capital. Negotiations were conducted in a positive spirit and were followed by a written agreement on financial cooperation, on family reunification, on confidence-building measures and relaxation, on work for reconciliation and peaceful reunification between the North and the South. The contacts continued with ministerial meetings, which included agreed to open a railway line between the countries.

In July, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin visited the country. It was the first visit by a head of state from the Russian Federation or the Soviet Union. Putin and Kim Jong Il agreed in their opposition to the US plans for a new robot defense, NMD, which motivated the US to "rogue states" such as North Korea have the intention and opportunity to build their own nuclear weapons. Kim explained to Putin that N. was ready to scrap his controversial robot program in exchange for foreign rockets intended for space satellites - North Korea claims that his own robots are intended for satellites. A few weeks later Kim withdrew his offer; he had just "joked".

The agreed family reunion began in August, when 100 South Koreans traveled to Pyongyang and 100 North Koreans traveled to Seoul to meet relatives they had not seen for half a century. There were very emotional meetings. Similar trips were also carried out later in the year.

At the inauguration of the Sydney Olympics in September, the North and South Korean participants marched together under the same banner. At the end of October, another historic visit took place in North Korea when US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright visited Pyongyang. Kim Jong Il then explained that North Korea made a single test shoot with his own manufactured long distance robot and that no more test will be done. In December, Britain established diplomatic relations with North Korea.

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