Mali. An attempt at military revolt was suffocated in the
winding days of the turn of the year. According to
COUNTRYAAH, soldiers inspired by
the Ivory Coast military coup during the Christmas holidays
of 1999 demanded, among other things, increased compensation
for participating in peacekeeping operations abroad. Several
soldiers were arrested, but were soon released. President Konaré also pardoned former Commander-in-Chief Ousmane
Coulibaly, who was jailed for life for complicity to a
massacre of protesters in 1993. Konaré also took in several
high-ranking military men in the government.
A short time later, in mid-February, the government was
heavily reformed after Prime Minister Keita resigned without
further explanation after six years. The new head of
government was appointed the economist and former official
of the International Monetary Fund Mande Sidibe. Several
opposition politicians and trade experts received positions
in the new government. Noteworthy was that seven of the 21
ministers were women.
Several foreign aid organizations stopped their
operations in northern M. in March following the murders of
three Dutch tourists.
Despite the peace process, the conflict in the north
continued through 2015. At the end of the year, one of the
largest cities in the north, Kidal, remained in the hands of
the insurgency and clashes cost 250 people, including 60
civilians, during the year. 130,000 were still living in
camps outside Mali and 60,000 were internally displaced.
To protect the United Nations supply convoys, MINUSMA
asked for 250 additional combat troops in the fall of 2015.
The Danish state responded by sending 30 hunter soldiers and
a transport aircraft. The UN military commander of MINUSMA,
Major General Michael Lollesgård subsequently declared that
the Danish war contribution was useless.
In November, militant Radisson attacked the hotel in
Bamako. The attack killed 19 people. The government then
declared the country in national emergency.
The number of attacks against MINUSMA increased in 2016.
There were a total of 62 attacks in which 25 MINUSMA
soldiers and 6 Malaysian UN personnel were killed. The
militant groups also used land mines that killed and wounded
MINUSMA soldiers, civilians and soldiers of the Malaysian
security forces. The number of attacks on Mali's army also
increased. In a single attack on a military base in central
Mali in July alone, 17 soldiers were killed and 35 wounded.
After several attacks in the same month throughout the
country, the state of emergency was extended until March
2017. Already in June, the UN Security Council had extended
MINUSMA's mandate until June 2017.
Both the security forces and MINUSMA were charged with
excessive use of force against civilians and for deliberate
murders. The UN reported 24 cases of murders, executions or
disappearances committed by security forces and MINUSMA in
March and April 2016. In July, security forces opened fire
on a peaceful demonstration in Gao organized by the civilian
resistance movement. 4 were killed and over 40 injured.
In September 2016, ICC Ansar Eddine sentenced leader
Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi to 9 years in prison for, in 2012,
destroying priceless historic buildings in Timbuktu. Mahdi
By the end of 2016, 135,000 Malaysians were refugees in
neighboring countries, 33,000 were internal refugees. For 3
million people, the food situation was uncertain, of which
423,000 were very serious.
Prime Minister Modibo Keita filed his resignation
petition in April 2017. He was replaced at the post by
Abdoulaye Idrissa Maïga.
In June, AQIM attacked the Le Campement Kangaba hotel
complex in Dougourakoro, east of Bamako. 5 were killed.
In late April 2018, suspected jihadists attacked Tuareg
villages in northern Mali. 43 civilians were killed. The
attack was apparently revenge for Tuareg militia attacks on
jihadist camps in the region. The jihadis have been adept at
causing flare-ups between Tuareger and Fulanis in the