Malawi. According to
COUNTRYAAH, Malawi, one of the world's ten poorest countries,
is also one of the hardest hit by HIV and AIDS. About 14% of
the population is estimated to carry the HIV virus, and more
than 350,000 people have died of AIDS. In Malawi, 400,000
children live orphaned due to the epidemic.
At a donor conference, more than a million dollars were
pledged to a five-year campaign against the spread of HIV.
By contrast, Malawi declined the World Bank's offer for a $
40 million loan. With a foreign debt of more than two
billion dollars, one cannot owe more, the government said.
One element of the fight against the spread of infection was
drastic: In July, President Muluzi ordered the arrest of all
prostitutes and their customers.
In July, a parliamentary committee published a critical
report on corruption within the government. In particular,
the Ministry of Education was identified as involved in
extensive fraud, in which scams on e.g. the construction of
new schools had been granted to relatives of high officials.
About NOK 20 million was paid out, but no schools were
built. Under severe pressure from domestic organizations and
foreign donors, President Muluzi carried out a comprehensive
reform of the government in November. the Minister of