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Ireland

Yearbook 2000

Ireland. The sharp economic upturn in Ireland continues, and the country still makes reasons for the name Celtic Tiger. At the beginning of the year, the Irish Government signed a new social agreement with the social partners, allowing wage increases of a total of 16% over the next three years. Added to this are promised tax cuts of 1.25 billion, representing a total income increase of 26% over 33 months.

2000 Ireland

But the booming economy also leads to the fact that Ireland, who has received large contributions from the EU, will soon have to become a net contributor, like other rich countries in Europe. Support for EU membership has been very strong in I., but now Irish politicians are warning that a resistance may emerge when the country has to start sharing its income to poorer regions in the EU.

According to COUNTRYAAH, the growth also leads to rapid social change and a wave of immigrants who are applying to the Irish labor market, where there are plenty of jobs. This is a hitherto unknown phenomenon for the Irish, who for many generations have seen the young leave the poor Ireland to seek their livelihood in some other part of the world.

These are issues of the future that are being discussed more vividly in Ireland. A debate of a more firm kind broke out when the Irish government appointed the controversial Hugh O'Flaherty as deputy head of the European Investment Bank, The European Investment Bank. The appointment came just a year after O'Flaherty was forced to resign as a judge in the Supreme Court of Justice after shortening the prison sentence for a man who had killed a woman through careless driving.

It also attracted a great deal of attention when a handwritten chapter of national author James Joyce's world-famous novel "Ulysses" ('Odysseus') was sold at auction for $ 1.5 million. The chapter, which has Joyce's signature, was purchased by the Irish National Library, The National Library of Ireland, in Dublin.

The struggle for same-sex marriage

Varadkar is Ireland's first open gay Taoiseach. In 2015, he fought vigorously for Ireland to constitutionally recognize same-sex marriage. On May 22, 2015, 62 percent voted to allow same-sex marriage in a referendum, which was termed a social revolution in a country strongly dominated by the doctrines of the Catholic Church.

Ireland was the first country to recognize same-sex marriage after a referendum. In the political parties, the reactions were unilaterally positive, while the Catholic Church and other denominations were naturally negative.

The struggle for the law of abortion

The issue of abortion has been a hot topic in Ireland. In 1983, a constitutional amendment was added to the Irish constitution following a referendum that recognized the unborn child's right to life, ie a ban on abortion and a woman's right to decide her own destiny. The referendum on abortion, held on May 25, 2018, abolished the 1983 constitutional amendment when a 66.4 percent majority voted for women's right to self-determined abortion.

The struggle for same-sex marriage and self-determined abortion shows that Ireland has undergone major changes in the 21st century. The church has lost its strong foothold and the country has become more secular.

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