Guinea Bissau. According to
COUNTRYAAH, Kumba Yalla, leader of Guinea-Bissau's largest party PRS (Partido da Renovaçao), won by clear majority the second
round of the presidential election on January 16. Yalla
appointed former interior minister Caetano Ntchama new prime
minister. In June, Amnesty International accused the new
government of harassing political opponents.
The border with Senegal was closed on several occasions
during the spring and summer. Reports came that armed
Senegalese separatists or bandits had crossed the Senegal
border to steal cattle and vehicles. Separatists from the
MFDC (Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de la Casamance),
which according to the Senegalese government has bases in
Guinea-Bissau, were accused in April of killing 18 people in southern
Senegal. The Guinean government shortly thereafter accused
Senegal of having bombed areas in northern Guinea-Bissau. This was
denied by Senegal, who admitted, however, that a military
operation had been carried out against the MFDC in the
border area. The country's prime ministers met in September
for discussions on how to end the violence.
A political crisis arose in September when Yalla
dismissed four ministers from the RGB coalition partner
(Resistência da Guiné-Bissau). The government thus lost its
majority in Parliament. The reason was disagreement over
what policy the government would implement. However, the
crisis could be averted and the ministers reinstated.
In October, a new council was appointed, with
representatives of all political parties in parliament and
civil organizations, to take over the role of adviser to the
president, previously held by a group of military.