Terms in the EU
Inches ? Commission ? And what are fractions anyway? We shed light on the
confusion of terms.
MEPs are politicians who were elected to the European Parliament for a
certain period of time. Members of the European Parliament are elected by all
adults in the EU member states. As in Germany, children are not allowed to vote
in the EU.
There are 5 continents on our earth. These are called Africa, America, Asia,
Australia and Europe.
Europe is the name of a beautiful princess from an ancient Greek saga. She
was the Greek evening goddess. The legend tells that Zeus fell madly in love
with her because she was so beautiful. He turned into the most beautiful bull
ever in the world and kidnapped her to Crete.
And because he loved Europe so much, he named the part of the world where
they lived until the end of their lives after their name. That is why our
continent is called Europe. Everyone has to decide for themselves whether it is
the most beautiful of all continents.
When a group of parties with the same goals always work together, this group
is called a faction.
There are many similar parties from different EU member countries in the
European Parliament. The same parties were brought together in political
groups. Many small parties could lead to arguments and therefore no decisions
can be made in parliament. Fractions prevent this. The parties in a group
usually agree very quickly in a dispute and then have an opinion on the other
groups, which they then try to enforce.
Commission comes from the verb "commit". That means something like
"instruct". You could translate the commission as "commission". So there are
people on a commission who have been commissioned to carry out an important
task. At the European Commission, the members are politicians from different
A member of a commission is referred to as a commissioner.
houses of Parliament
A parliament is the place where elected representatives meet to prepare,
discuss, and pass laws.
President comes from the Latin word "praesidere". That means something like
"chairing". So a president is the "chairman". So he's the boss in the group. He
is the spokesman for all members of the Commission and represents them in
important matters vis-à-vis the other EU systems.
Directive or regulation
The European Union does not have the right to pass laws that
automatically apply in all member countries. The EU is allowed to do something
else: it adopts guidelines or regulations. Guidelines and regulations can be
understood as commands that have to be executed. A directive mandates to change
this and that or to introduce something new in the EU. In order for the
directive to apply in all member countries, it must convert the member countries
into a new law within a certain period of time.
A regulation, on the other hand, applies immediately in the member countries
and is stronger than all normal laws in the country. By joining the EU, each
country has committed to comply with all EU directives and regulations.
This is additional money that you have to pay when you transport products in
or through a country. In the past, when all goods were transported by horse,
customs had to be paid to use the paths. Customs no longer has this purpose
Nowadays, different customs are paid on the different products, even if they
are transported on the same roads. The states determine the amount of the
duty. In doing so, they pay attention, for example, to whether the same
products, which can only be produced at a high price in their own country, do
not come cheap from abroad. A high tariff on these foreign products makes the
product more expensive by the state than it actually is. People will then buy
the products from their own country because it looks like these products are
cheaper than the foreign ones.
Countries that are in the EU do not charge customs for products that come
from another member state.
Europe - language
The languages of Europe are, with few exceptions, the Indo-European
language set. They are geographically distributed with Romanian languages in the
west and south, in addition to Romanian in the Balkans, Baltic and Slavic
languages in the east and Germanic in the north and west.
Of the less prevalent Indo-European languages are the Celtic in western
Ireland and Scotland as well as in Wales and Brittany, and Greek and Albanian in
the southeast. In addition, especially in Central Europe, Yiddish is spoken by
Jews and Romani by Gypsies (Roma).
The non-Indo-European languages in Europe are, according to
Countryaah.com, Sami, Finnish,
Estonian and Hungarian, all belonging to the Finnish-Ugric language family,
Basque, which is an isolated language, the Semitic language Maltese and Turkish
in the European part of Turkey and spread in the Balkans..
In the European parts of the former Soviet Union, in addition to the Indo
-European languages, several non-Indo-European languages, such as Samoyed and
Caucasian, are spoken in Russian and Ukrainian.
The current distribution of Indo-European languages, which originally spread
to Europe in prehistoric times, broadly reflects the conditions and events of
historical times: the spread of the Roman Empire and Germanic and Slavic
migrations in the early Middle Ages.
The Finnish-Ugric speaking people immigrated partly in prehistoric times (Sami,
Finns and Esters) and partly in 800-900-T. by the Hungarian expansion from the
area around Ural. The Altaic language Turkish spread from 1400-t. up over the
Balkans from Asia Minor.
Basque is thought to constitute a remnant of the original language area from
before Indo-European immigration. Many of the original languages, for example,
Etruscan and Iberian, survived up to classical times, pictorial even to
Recent immigrations have brought large groups of Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic,
Persian and Hindi or Urdu-speaking population groups to most major cities in
Western Europe. Linguistic integration between peoples is sought from an
official point of view, both within the Council of Europe and the EU.