Equatorial Guinea. According to
COUNTRYAAH, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema and
parts of his government moved from the capital Malabo on the
island of Bioko to Bata on the mainland. The government move
was said to stimulate development in Bata, the country's
second largest city, and within a couple of years the
administration is expected to return to Malabo.
Malabo, formerly Santa Isabel, the capital of Equatorial Guinea; 187,300
residents (2012). The city is located on the island of Bioko in the Gulf of
Guinea and is the country's political and commercial center; from here cocoa is
exported from the island's plantations. Since 1992, the port has also handled
oil exports from an offshore field NV for the city. A lavish conference center
has been erected for oil revenues and a refinery has been established, but
otherwise the global economy has not come to town.
The British established a naval base here in 1827, but only with the takeover
of the Spaniards in 1843 did the city matter. The city core remains
characterized by Spanish colonial architecture, albeit somewhat decayed.