Timor. UN force UNTAET in February took over the defense
of East Timor from the Australian-led force sent there in
connection with the 1999 referendum on independence from
COUNTRYAAH, the UNTAET and other UN agencies had problems with the
pro-Indonesian militia groups who had tried to sabotage the
referendum and who continued their terrorist rule in the
refugee camps on the western part of the island. Two UN
soldiers were shot to death near the border, and three UNHCR
refugees were killed by militia in a camp in western Timor.
The killings led the UN to remove all personnel from the
camps, which put the approximately 120,000 refugees without
help. The Indonesian government was put under strong
pressure to disarm the militias, but not much happened.
Several senior Indonesian militias were identified in a
report by the Indonesian National Prosecutor's Office as
responsible for the violence in 1999, but after the
notorious militia leader Eurico Guterres was arrested in
Jakarta in October, he was quickly released. He had,
according to a court, been arrested on formally incorrect
The UN administration and the independence movement CNRT
formed a coalition government in July to rule East Timor
until general elections and full independence towards the
end of 2001.