Djibouti. In February, the government signed a peace
agreement with a radical faction of the militant opposition
group FRUD (Front pour la Restoration de l'Unité et de la
Democracy). The dominant faction within the FRUD had put
down its weapons as early as 1994, but a breakaway faction
had continued the armed struggle. President Ismail Umar
Guelleh was appointed leader of the RPP (Rassemblement
Populaire pour le Progrès) government party in March. He
replaced former President Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who thus
withdrew from politics.
On March 11, Djibouti reestablished diplomatic relations
with Eritrea. Relations had broken in November 1998 after
Eritrea accused Djibouti of supporting Ethiopia in the
border war between the countries. Djibouti, on his part, had
accused Eritrea of supporting FRUD.
COUNTRYAAH, The peace talks in Somalia held in Djibouti in August led
to the appointment of a new Somali president.