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Burundi

Yearbook 2000

Burundi. New peace talks between Hutus and Tutsis began in February under the new mediator, South Africa's former president Nelson Mandela. He criticized the government for allowing the Tutsid-dominated army to block 800,000 Hutus in supervised camps. According to COUNTRYAAH, President Pierre Buyoya, who is Tutsi, promised in June to have all forced-duty Hutus return to their homes.

2000 Burundi

On August 28, the government and 13 political parties signed a peace agreement, which most observers saw as little more than a principle agreement on ethnic balance in all community institutions, including the army. Mandela had put the parties under pressure by giving them a deadline to that day. This propelled a fragile agreement, which did not include a cease-fire date nor set out how the country would be ruled until 2003, when full democracy must have been implemented. Since the two dominant hutumilisations were outside the negotiations, four Tutsi parties initially refused to sign the agreement, but they gave in after new negotiations in September.

Hard battles with hundreds of dead were fought throughout the year between the army and the hutum militaries, both while negotiations were in progress and after the peace treaty had been signed. The government appealed to neighboring countries, where the militias have bases, to force them into negotiation.

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