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Austria

Yearbook 2000

Austria. According to COUNTRYAAH, Austria began the year with a political deadlock after the parliamentary elections in October 1999, when the right-wing populist party, FPÖ (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs) with Jörg Haider became the country's second largest after the Social Democrats, SPÖ (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs). The party made its worst choice after World War II. There was almost a dead race between the Conservative People's Party, ÖVP (Österreichische Volkspartei) and FPÖ, which won second place.

2000 Austria

After tough political negotiations, it was clear in early February that it was impossible to form a government without FPÖ. The President instructed the ÖVP leader Wolfgang Schüssel to form a government with the FPÖ. This led to a frame scream from the outside world. The leaders of the other 14 EU countries, with France's President Jacques Chirac as the driving force, decided to impose political sanctions on Austria immediately. The decision was made by telephone without any preparatory meeting. The boycott was said to be valid until FPÖ was gone from the government. Three weeks after the formation of the government, Jörg Haider left the party leader post and was succeeded by Vice Chancellor Susanne Riess-Passer. The sanctions involved political bullying of Austrian diplomats and politicians, regardless of party affiliation.

Jörg Haider enjoyed the attention and the domestic political platform he was given thanks to the sanctions. He called the French president pocket Napoleon in pocket format. The boycott made work difficult in the EU, and in the summer Wolfgang Schüssel announced in the autumn a referendum on the sanctions. It was a reminder that Austria could easily cripple the work of the European Union. The leaders of the other EU countries realized from all judgments that they had painted themselves into a corner. They then decided to send "three wise men", including Finland's former President Martti Ahtisaari, to Austria to examine the human rights situation and the treatment of immigrants and minorities. They presented their report in September, where Austria received a good rating. France was then the country of Presidency of the EU, and Jacques Chirac was forced to announce that the sanctions had been lifted. - Little Napoleon has met his Waterloo, commented Jörg Haider with ill-concealed pleasure and with the purpose of the French emperor's defeat in 1815.

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