Angola. Civil war raged during the year between the UNIA
guerrilla movement (União Nacional para a Independente Total
de Angola) and the government troops, which largely consist
of former guerrilla soldiers from the MPLA (Movimento
Popular de Libertaçao de Angola).
The government did not achieve its goal of crushing
UNITA, and despite the failure to push back the guerrillas
and shatter the geographically-seeming peace, is still far
away. The government bought weapons for the rising oil
revenues, and UNITA raised money from the diamond mines it
controlled. Both sides continued to lay out mines, which is
a major problem for both the civilian population and the
international aid organizations.
COUNTRYAAH, MSF (MSF, Médicins Sans Frontières), at the end of the
year, criticized the government for not helping its own
people and criticized the fact that a small power elite in
the capital Luanda is hurting the riches that actually exist
in the country.
One-third of the population was in flight during the
year, while 70% did not have access to medical care and
82.5% are estimated to live in poverty. One of the hardest
hit areas is the city of Kuito and the surrounding areas.
UNITA previously had its headquarters and the population
fled. Last year, the government promised to repair the
airport in Kuito so that air transfers could be implemented.
But nothing has been done, and it has cost thousands of
lives, ”an MSF representative for Angola's Foreign Minister
João De Miranda pointed out when he visited Stockholm in the
fall. He got the answer guilty. Mining accidents increased
during the year, and thousands of people, many children,
were killed or mutilated.
During the year, an agreement was reached with the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) on a restructuring of the